Please answer the following questions with short answers in your own words.
1.Does research from the area of cognitive neuroscience reveal that stressful and/or emotional events represses or strengthens memory? (i.e., are emotional memories repressed or strong?)
2.What type of psychologists believed we should NOT study cognitive processes since we would be too biased about that which we cannot readily see?
3.Describe what Egly et al. (1994) discovered regarding object-based visual attention in your own words (at least paraphrase).
4.Sperling and Melchner (1978) had subjects study arrays containing an inner set of four letters and an outer set of 16 letters. What question did their study address?
5.According to George Miller, how many chunks can we fit in short-term memory?
6.Distinguish between explicit and implicit memory.
7.Distinguish between semantic and episodic memory.
8.Describe one piece of evidence that shows that semantic and episodic memory are different and independent.
9.What is important for successful encoding according to levels of processing theory?
10.What can you do to help retrieve a memory according to encoding specificity?
Please answer the following 2 essay questions with a paragraph or two. Your response must be in your own words. Quotes (or wording taken verbatim from the text) will not be accepted as a demonstration of your understanding of the concepts and findings assessed.
1.Describe the Levels of Processing Theory by Craik and Lockhart and the Encoding Specificity Theory by Tulving. Then compare these theories. Describe at least one difference and one similarity between these theories. When addressing the difference, consider these stages of memory: encoding and retrieval. Which stage or stages are emphasized by Levels of Processing and which are emphasized by Encoding Specificity?
2.What did Sperling?s research on sensory memory demonstrate? Why did he switch from a full report method to a partial report method?