EMERGENCE OF GLOBAL SOCIETY
Industrial revolution refers to the change in production, transport and communication sector that took place between 1750 and 1950’s. Even though there has been a continuous growth and development after this period, industrial revolution mainly refers to the major changes that impacted the globe greatly. Industrial revolution was inspired by the scientific revolution which took place around the early 1700’s thus formed the foundation for industrial revolution. Scientific revolution was marked mainly by new inventions and it is this period that was termed s the golden age for mankind. Scientists called this time Anthropocene; meaning “the age of man” as it marked a new erain both the history of man and the planet.
Some factors that led to industrialization include the rapid increase in human population from 375 million individuals in 1400 to 1 billion individuals in the early 1900’s. This meant that the now larger population consumed a lot of energy and resources hence there was a need for this demands to be met. The global demand for energy was high than the supply from the crude sources of energy such as fossil fuel like coal and firewood. Thus industrial revolution was somehow a response to this shortage by changing from the non-renewable sources of energy such as gas and to the renewable sources of energy such wind, sun and water.
Even though the revolution was global, it is in Britain that it was at its peak and they were the front runners as they were advanced. It has been argued that Britain were the front runners in the revolution due to their culture of freedom-loving, creative restless and history of aristocracy. Another factor that favored them to be front runners in the revolution was the fact that they had well organized system of government hence tax could be easily collected and invested in profitable investments such as agriculture. While collecting tax, charters and monopolies were granted to private owned organizations and to the merchants thus the government supported business and innovations that followed the various fields of specific industries. Britain also carried out voyages of exploration to various parts of the world hence accumulated a lot of knowledge from around the world that would be combined hence new innovations would be made. For instance they did voyages of exploration Asia, a region that had many sophisticated societies and rich in wisdom of principles of life and laws that governed the universe.
During the industrial revolution of 1750-1900 Britain’s production saw a significant fifty fold increase as a result of the growth rate in technology innovation. Their production especially in the countryside who were mainly farmers increased due to the revolution as a result of new inventions. The seed drill saw a faster rate of planting while machines such as tractor plough swathe land tilled easily. Discovery of minerals such as nitrates, phosphates and sulphates in regions like Peru also contributed to production as they were used as fertilizers. Apart from this raw materials that were obtained, other raw materials such as gold, iron, silver were obtained from their colonies in both Asia and Africa.
In order to acquire this raw material, the Britains had to build ports to transport these resources from their sources to the production site. Their interaction with the locals impacted the society into civilization by giving them formal education, religion and also provided health care.