Security and Freedom

 

Security and Freedom

On October 1, 2017, there was a concert in Las Vegas Strip at the Route 91 Harvest music festival when Stephen Paddock swooped in and opened fire to the crowd. The incident resulted in the death of 58 people and injuring 413 concertgoers. Paddock fired 1,100 rounds of ammunition before he later died from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. Varied conversations sprang up after the events and everyone took a moment to weigh in on the matter. While there are other arguments about gun ownerships, terror organizations such as NRA, but the main concern on people’s minds was how the government could keep them safe. Safety here however, expanded to a broader conversation because it would come at the expense of other Bills of Rights that the founding fathers were generous enough to entrust to us. For the government to assure security in the critical modern threats, there is the possibility of doing it at the expense of other fundamental freedoms but this should not be the case because it will start a journey that in the long term, will undermine the constitution and cause detrimental effects to independence.

When people face a threat, civil liberties are treated differently, and this would be a start to the undermining of the constitution in the long term. The second amendment possesses several rights that would have to get violated to ensure the security we dearly need. The constitution under this act protects the rights of people to own firearms after its ratification under the bill of acts (Roman, 2015). The National Rifle Association has had its grip in the USA since 1871 and has facilitated the civilian rights to won and possess guns according to the constitution.  In times such as the Paddock attack, it brings forth the question of whether to protect this right to own a gun anymore for the sake of security. Claiming that there are regulations that ensure the gun owners have the case of Paddock would question proper backgrounds. The Las Vegas shooter, for example, passed all background checks and any other legal questionings that allowed them to possess guns and still, he went ahead to cause the mayhem that happened. And one would, therefore, question the constitution at this time even though it has been the supreme leading document. Once the people have given into the fear, the government would then be at ease to infringe the people’s freedoms and rights for the sake of their security.

The government and leaders conceptualize security under the assumption that we are always under threat while this is not the case. Several leaders on the global scale and even in America today are in constant discussion on threats, reforms, and tragedies and the cases, they argue that security is the main concern. A study by the World Bank Voices of the Poor revealed that an environment that assures protection of crime and provides psychological security would also provide a consistent supply of housing, food, clothing and income (Günther, 2017). Therefore, they always propose solutions that favor the advancement of military capabilities and the scope of control for government security personnel.  Eventually, they will instill limits to the behavior of people which goes contrary to Hobbes’ definition of freedom,” freedom is a right that individuals gain from the state of nature that allows them to act without limits” (Hampton, 1988). While people require a secure environment to secure their freedom, if the securing comes at the expense of the freedoms, then it means that there won’t be the freedom in the first place. The oppressive rule will take over.

The priority of security over freedom provides comfort for a period but eventually cause detrimental effects. Security is usually a concern for a short period and after it gets dealt with, the odds topple back to freedom (Haynes, 2015). The US Patriot Act demonstrated the detrimental effects of choosing security over freedom. In the long term, it resulted in the imprisonment to people within the Guantanamo Bay without explaining why or even getting representation. The same scenario is also witnessed in the Terrorism Act 200 in Northern Ireland which increased the cases of ethnic profiling and deprivation of liberty of its citizens. The two acts came timely when there was the case of threat and thus, the odd was for security; the laws, therefore, undermined people’s freedoms for a while for the benefit of peace of mind. In the long term, after the threat was not there anymore, the people realized the damaging effects these laws had brought (Haynes, 2015). The priority goes against the works of the founding fathers who thought that people should be allowed the capacity to live their lives without interfering with their choices (Kristof, 2002). Statistics from the Human Freedom Index shows that countries that have prioritized freedom show a better performance in their per capita income. Nation interest is good but it should never play the card of seeing freedom as a temporary advantage.

I am a constitutional originalist. Therefore, I strongly believe that the constitution is absolute, the bill of rights is standard and thus, no one should have the right to change them or add an asterisk to them. Freedoms bestowed to us got termed as the God-given rights to everyone and thus, when one would start interfering with them, it would mean that they are against all that which America stands for. The fathers desired a country where people had the right to think, create their valued and progress their lives without anyone limiting them. In the face of danger and threats, these rights remain fundamental and should not get altered. In the face of hate speech, the solution is not to silence everyone, in the face of supremacist groups, the solution is not to ban all the rights for gatherings. It is proper that the government take the responsibility of dealing with the problems or threats but not get into the way and abolish rights altogether. The start of these amendments would lead to affecting the most sacred of all acts, the right to life. Living with the bill or rights and the American constitution has worked for 243 years but all threats do not last long. It is proper to protect the working relationship and not destroy it because of a short-lived reason.

Freedom requires to be a priority over Security. The sense of security is short-lived, just as threats are but in the long term, when it gets chosen over freedom, it has damaging effects on the development of a nation and the impendence of the people. Freedom was made fundamental by the founding fathers because they realized its importance in the lives of people. The leaders within the world today sell the idea of threats as a way of infiltrating these fundamental freedoms and go-ahead to set regulations such as the Patriotic Act that lead to trials of people without reason. As a constitutional originalist, I, therefore, believe that the constitution is right to protect the freedoms and it should be left that way. Threats should be handled as threats and not used to manipulate the God-given rights of the people.

 

 

References

Günther, K. (2017). World citizens between freedom and security. In Civil Rights and Security (pp. 433-445). Routledge.

Hampton, J. (1988). Hobbes and the social contract tradition. Cambridge University Press.

Haynes, D. D. (2015). Liberty vs. Security: An old debate renewed in the age of terror. Milwaukee Wisconsin Journal Sentinel. Retrieved from http://archive.jsonline.com/news/opinion/liberty-vs-security-an-old-debate-renewed-in-the-age-of-terror-b99500066z1-303775951.html/

Kristof, N. D. (2002). Security and freedom. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2002/09/10/opinion/security-and-freedom.html

Roman, P. (2015). The hard dilemma: Counterterrorism and shallow freedom. openDemocracy: Free Thinking for the World. Retrieved from https://www.opendemocracy.net/petre-roman/hard-dilemma-counterterrorism-andor-shallow-freedom

 

 

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Four-Day School Weeks: The Rule to Skip School

 

 

Four-Day School Weeks: The Rule to Skip School

It is the norm for every parent to witness their children struggle with waking up to go to school every Monday morning. However, some districts in the USA have turned from this tradition by instituting a four school week starting from Tuesday. Financial reasons mainly drive the actions, but Jaclyn Melicharek’s in the article, “Four-Day School Weeks: The Rule to Skip School,” warns heavily against the decision. Melicharek is convinced that this reduction in the number of school days will affect the quality of education, leading to poor performance and unhealthy students while also becoming a thorn in the lives of the school staff.  I attended a five-day school system where there was so much to do in class and extracurricular activities that by the time the day ended, I was exhausted. I, therefore, agree with Melicharek that there are other significant parameters to consider within the school set up that affect the students and teachers directly before applying the four day school week.

A four day school week will impact the student’s performances negatively because they have lesser amount of time allocated for the studies. Melicharek (99) argues that the quantity of the time spent in school outweighs the quality when it comes to student performances. USA students spend 180 days a year in school compared to the Chinese and Koreans who spend 220 days (Melicharek 96). The ones with 220 hours perform better than American students in math, reading and science. Four day school week will reduce it further to 150 hours, meaning an even bigger decline. On matters of quality, a four day week will have to cram up all the content within the five day week and therefore reduce the quality provided to the students over the short time. Effectively, the children are half baked and only have a gist of the whole content they were supposed to cover within the allotted time. I attend a five day school week with each day covering eight hours of school work. With those school days, the whole day is usually packed with lessons and few breaks. All these hours are spent covering content to make sure we have better performance. I therefore believe that reducing these number of hours to have a four day school week will reduce the performance further. This school week won’t have enough time for the theory, practical, assignments, projects and classroom activities which are all important for the coverage of the syllabus.

The four day school week has a longer school day compared to the five day school week because all the content needs to be covered within the remaining time. The longer school day firstly leads to unhealthy living and emotional stress for the children. If I would have the longer school day, it would mean that I get tired at school, carry more homework at home and even have little time to spend with family and play. These activities are important for the growth of a person especially a child and when they are missing, they would result to stress at a younger age. The longer day also means that there will be covered in school and when one misses such a school day, they will have so much to cover in terms of notes, content and assignment. Sometimes, students have valid excuses for missing school and when they are subjected to such stress because of these reason, then it is not fair to them.

Teachers in the four day school model get tired more in the school day.  Melicharek (99) claims that the teachers also are worn out from the long working periods. The days between Tuesday and Friday are tiring as they teach for longer hours and have to find ways of motivating students to listen continuously. These hours do not consider the period spent in planning for each of those lessons. Teachers take more time planning the lessons, teaching and also because they give more assignments, they have to mark extra work. The extra work also gets to trickle down to their off days and they cannot get enough rest. Within my five day school week, my teachers are usually busy and the work they give isn’t as much as expected within the five day school week. Extrapolating from that, I believe that the work will double and this would not be favorable for their role.

The other staff members also have much to lose from this type of school set up. Most of the school support staff are paid according to the hours they work and to make a better living, and they are forced to take more than one job per day. The four-day program has longer working days and it covers much of their hours. By the time they are done there, they cannot go to their second job and the result of this is that they will have a poor pay. They also have one extra day which they do not work, this means that they are no paid for this one day. Also getting a full time job on this extra day is not possible hence it is not a beneficial free day to them.

The costs saved within the school from the four day school week are transferred to the parents as they have to take care of the children for an extra day.  When students don’t go to school on Monday, the parents have an extra day to pay for their care. In the case when the parents are working, there is an extra burden of getting a nanny or someone to cater for the children. If the children are younger, they have to be taken to costly daycare services. Moreover, there are also meals that are required for the day off which would have been saved if they went to school. While the school saves on its expenditure, it has transferred this burden to the parents. The extra one day would count like for one of my weekend day. On this day, my parents have to ensure that there is everything for use to stay home comfortably. They ensure there is food, chores are done as the house gets dirty more, and there is extra energy costs because we use more electricity and water than when not around. All these are expensive for them. These are the same costs that would have been paid if we were in school for that day. Therefore, while school are celebrating the relief, parents are paying extra.

Districts introduced the four day school week because of financial reasons but did not consider the other factors involved within the school set up that get affected. Finances are trivial, but the main function of a school is to ensure the children are educated and living to their full potential. Education gets measured by performance, extracurricular activities, and the quality of life of children. I agree with Melicharek that the four day school week deteriorates all these three parameters and in addition, makes tough the life of teachers and other staff within the school. Therefore, the creators of these programs ought to consider these major school functions before looking for channels that improve finances but affect education.

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Ethics and Values Conflict in Counseling

 

Ethics and Values Conflict in Counseling

Ethics define the most suitable form of relationship that would exist between a client and a counselor; there are, however, times when personal values of either the client or the counselor conflict with their ethical guidelines. One such case in the limelight consisted of an East Michigan State university student who could not counsel Gay clients because of their religious beliefs that opposed homosexuality (Shallcross, 2010). The case resulted in the dismissal of the student from the program by the court.  Such cases and more conflicts in values exist within the practice of a counselor. It, therefore, results in cases of dilemmas when the counselors have to choose between their strong beliefs and the ACA and NAADAC code of ethic

Relevant Ethics.

There are significant sections of the ACA code of ethics that ac as guidelines in the cases of conflicts of values with clients. Section A.1.a. of the ACA code states that: “The primary responsibility of counselors is to respect the dignity and to promote the welfare of clients” (American Counseling Association, 2014, p.4). In the situation that the counselor would want to impose their values towards the client, the guiding principle comes from Section A.4.b., which states: “Counselors are aware of their values, attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors and avoid imposing values that are inconsistent with counseling goals. Counselors respect the diversity of clients, trainees, and research participants” (American Counseling Association, 2014). The above principle, therefore, prevents the counselor and safeguards the clients in a therapeutic relationship.

The sections that refer to counselor’s competence, Section C.2.a., “Counselors practice only within the boundaries of their competence, based on their education, training, supervised experience, state and national professional credentials, and appropriate professional experience. Counselors gain knowledge, personal awareness, sensitivity, and skills pertinent to working with a diverse client population” ((American Counseling Association, 2014). The definition of the section is that counselors should always work towards competence in their relationships and, therefore, should work towards meeting clients’ needs other than their values. Section C.5 of the ethics also stipulates that “Counselors do not condone or engage in discrimination based on age, culture, disability, ethnicity, race religion/spirituality, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, marital status/partnership, language preference, socioeconomic status, or any basis proscribed by law. Counselors do not discriminate against clients, students, employees, supervisees, or research participants in a manner that harms these persons” (American Counseling Association, 2014).

Ethical Implications of a Counselor Expressing their Values to the Client

Counselors have to take particular care, so they do not get to impose or express their values towards their clients. It is a boundary violation that would effectively interfere with the progress of the therapy and also the right to self-determination. In the case when these values expressed are different from those of the client, it would further present more difficulties within the relationship. The situation also presents a violation of the counseling code of ethics Section A.4.b, which warns against the imposition of values to the clients. It is, therefore, paramount that the counselor takes good care to ensure that they do not express their values either actively or through nonverbal communication. The code of ethics and counseling guidelines are also clear that in the case of value conflict, the counselor should let the client’s standpoint prevail over their own beliefs. It is because the counselor has to respect the diversity of their client and not discriminate them based on their beliefs

 

Solutions in cases of Value Conflicts

Client-Centered Counseling

Counselors faced with the conflict of values with clients are supposed to ground their practice core values on client-centered counseling. These core values include empathy, unconditional positive regard, and congruence and provide a resolution to such an ethical scenario as values conflict (Elliott, 2011). The perspective thus requires that the counselor follows through with the ethical guidelines consistently by respecting the belief of the client, promoting the clients’ welfare, and not imposing their values on the client. While the counselor has a right to have their own beliefs and values, it should not come out within their professional work. The counselors have to respect the client and show them empathy despite their conflicting values.

Seeking Supervision

Supervision happens to even the most experienced professionals, and it helps to deal with challenging situations. In the case when a counselor has a challenging client with strong value differences, a counselor may opt to take a supervisor for the whole therapy process.  It helps the counselor to develop an awareness of personal feelings and maintain a personal track on the ethical responsibilities (Borders & Leddick, 1987). The supervisor will also help to point out points of breach of codes and the subtle prejudices and differences. The supervisor also helps to determine if one should continue working with the client based on the analysis of the relationship.

Referrals

Some situations may deem it necessary for a counselor to seek additional support for the client from external sources. The counseling profession fits into a wider support network, and therefore referrals are possible.  Referrals may happen when the client has another need when the counselor does not have the requisite skills for the case when client requires a specialist when the counselor and the client know each other beyond the professional basis, when there is no progress towards a remedy or when the client is involved in disruptive behavior that may be harmful to them (Herlihy & Corey, 2014).

One other condition for referral that may be significant in the case of value conflict is when the counselor has difficulty with issues being discussed. Such cases may involve when the problems at hand would have a personal meaning or uncomfortable to them (Herlihy & Corey, 2014). It would, therefore, also cover issues of when the client values are not in line with those of the counselor and thus would take the counselor out of their comfort zone. In this case, therefore, the counselor may opt to refer the patient to another professional so that they may not break their code of ethics. Referrals are however to be used as a last resort because they sometimes are construed as a values statement

Leaving Profession or Seeking Exemption

A stern but practical way of dealing with value conflict as progressed by ethicists is leaving the counseling profession or seeking out ways of setting a practice that isn’t governed by the counseling associations or licensing boards. Counselors who have a negative attitude towards a race, sex, gender, religions, or a certain value system should consider leaving the profession because they will be in constant conflict with the ethics (Elliott, 2011). Another way out would be not registering with the licensure organizations or seek membership with counseling boards. In certain states, counselors who work in non-profit organizations are not required to register with the licensing boards.

Conclusion

The significance of ethics in the counseling profession cannot be underestimated. Counselors faced with situations where they conflict between their values and those of the clients four ethical options. They can either quit the profession or seek exemption from the code, seek supervision, refer the patient, or maintain client-centered counseling. The fourth option is most practical because it ensures that they keep their values while still progressing their profession and following the ethical guidelines. The role of a counselor is to ensure that their client receives the necessary treatment and regains their proper health. Therefore, the therapist should ensure that they maintain this objective throughout the process so that in case of any value conflict that may arise during the process, they can work through it for the client’s sake.

 

 

References

American Counseling Association. (2014). ACA code of ethics. Alexandria, VA: Author.

Borders, L. D., & Leddick, G. R. (1987). Handbook of counseling supervision. Association for Counselor Education and Supervision, 5999 Stevenson Ave., Alexandria, VA 22304 (Order No. 72184, $9.95).

Elliott, G. R. (2011). When Values and Ethics Conflict: The Counselor’s Role and Responsibility. Alabama Counseling Association Journal, 37(1), 39-45.

Herlihy, B., & Corey, G. (2014). Boundary issues in counseling: Multiple roles and responsibilities. John Wiley & Sons.

Shallcross, L. (2010, November). Putting clients ahead of personal values. Counseling
Today, 32-34.

 

 

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Concept of Family from Sabrina and Corina

 

Concept of Family from Sabrina and Corina

Sabrina and Corina cover the tale of two cousins raised together as inseparable children, but as they grow up widely diverge from one another. Corina becomes a cosmetologist, and even though it was the less striking cousin, she finds a way to keep it together. Sabrina, on the other hand, develops substance abuse problems that are the later reason for the estrangement between the sitters. The substance abuse problem affects her personality, and when she spirals further one, she indulges in risky sexual behavior that leads to her death in the hands of an abusive boyfriend. Corina is later the one left to cover her wounds and make her presentable for the burial.

Family is a sociological concept that comes about from the relation between a domestic group consisting of blood and legal ties. It is the place where children’s values are nurtured and molded into adults with a sense of responsibility and ethics. Further, it is a unit associated with constant relation, a bond of care for each other, compassion, and understanding; it is the reason why people from the same family have to constantly check on each other. Sabrina and Corina share the conception of the family since they are related by blood and have a relation created by their living together since childhood. Their structure, however, fails as they diverge with growth, but at the end in the face of tragedy, they are brought together by the death of Sabrina.

The concept of a family is important to me because it comes out as the support for personal wellbeing. Sociologists confer that families brought up by biological parents have better wellbeing. Sabrina indulgence in substance abuse can, therefore, be attributed to this concept. When they diverge with Corina, she loses the sense of security and reaches out to an abusive boyfriend. Family ties act as stress reliefs and thus promote self-esteem while lessening anxiety. The family, therefore, to an individual, is a protective shield from the emotional turmoil. This kind of shield is one that Sabrina needs to keep her life afloat as she grew up. The conception of the family also presents an opportunity for healthy living through family meals. Personal emotions are regulated through healthy family relationships when a child is growing up (Morgan & Morgan, 1996). Predictable forms of families help a child better regulate their anger, affection, and get a better emotional questioned; volatile home does the reverse to a child. Research also shows that the closeness of a family helps a person to live longer. The bonds help a person to get the support they need while facing life struggles, and this promotes their health, effectively lengthening their life (White, Martin, & Adamsons, 2018).

The concept of the family also has a significant impact on the whole society as presented from research on crime: substance abuse, economy, and social services. The family as a unit determines the economy’s regulations. Close bonds in a family are used as a way to collectively use wealth and grow it, resulting in the wealth of the whole economy (Morgan & Morgan, 1996). Poverty at the family level is also detrimental to the economy because it seeks out government help. Family is also the support grow up for members and helps them to avert from society’s crimes such as substance abuse, criminal activities, and risky sexual behaviors. The values possessed within the family, and the supports, therefore, trickles to the whole society’s morals in the form of culture. Family values also determine the political inclination of the children and, thus, their voting behaviors (White, Martin, & Adamsons, 2018).  The parents’ political opinions, voting behaviors, and political discussions determine the children’s future tendencies and thus the direction of the whole society.

 

 

References

Fajardo-Anstine, F.(2019). Sabrina and Corina. One World.

Morgan, D. H., & Morgan, D. H. J. (1996). Family connections: An introduction to family studies (Vol. 45). Cambridge: Polity Press.

White, J. M., Martin, T. F., & Adamsons, K. (2018). Family theories: An introduction. Sage Publications.

 

 

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Behavioral analysis and shaping

 

Chapter 13

The think function is a trait that professional behavioral scientists can benefit from in and out of their Job setting.  It is effective in reading cues during interactions with people and in effectively determining the functions that lead to a certain behavior (Bailey and Mary 2). It is also lawful to use the fame function outside the workplace and cannot be classified with functions such as those of a brain surgeon, lawyer, or rocket scientists that cannot be carried home from work. Behavioral consultants should always be aware of their external social environment at all times and use their think function to determine the variables at play within the setting effectively. Other people are likely to miss these variables, but when keen, the behavioral scientists would easily notice them. When applying the think function, therefore, the behavioral scientist can understand people better, prevent some behaviors from progressing and react better to people’s behaviors.

Every behavior has a function and variables behind it.  For example, in the case of Amy’s child, Jayden displayed tantrums and screaming because he was conditioned to receive the ice cream from the mall, and it was set in his mind that he wanted it. Therefore when he was screaming and throwing tantrums, Amanda was able to decipher that it was not just a two-year-old behavior, but it was behavioral conditioning set by the mother (Bailey and Mary 4). Behaviorists are, therefore, able to spot these contingencies reinforcements and antecedents. By understanding these functions, one is a better place to react to the other person. For example, Carol uses the think function to discover that Janice complaining is a form of attention-seeking behavior, and by sympathizing with her, it was being reinforced. She, therefore, found other ways of putting the whining into extinction, and the behavior stooped. It proves to show that the think function serves to help the behavioral scientist even outside their job.

Chapter 14

The work of a behavioral scientist does not end at noticing behaviors and their underlying function; it proceeds towards shaping them into appropriate forms. Habits form naturally and unconsciously, and when progressed, they develop into everyday behavior. Once they have held firm, they are extremely hard to change. However, a well-calculated shaping strategy is effective in producing the right responses at the right time. The shaping strategy requires a functional analysis, a well-written plan for the change, a formal training protocol, and enough patience because it is a process that takes time. Certain levels of reinforcement applied in different dribbles throughout the day will result in a behavior change. These reinforcements, whether applied intention or not, will result in an effect on the recipient.

Behavior change is proven to work. Sutherland, in the book What Shamu Taught Me
About Life, Love, and Marriage,  proves that the same reinforcement methods applied to animals can produce a good effect on changing behaviors within the real world (Bailey and Mary 16). Behavioral scientists have to mater this art within their professional work. They are often tasked with dealing with situations such as workers, schools, and even administrations. It takes time to master the art of monitoring and shaping responses from people. At first, it is a struggle because you have to master the procedures and still observe, but when practiced often, it produced better results. The same principles used professionally get applied in daily living. People within homes can also get shaped into forms of appropriate behavior. However, there is a principle to the shaping of behavior in the non-professional zones. The scientists need to do it for a noble and justifiable goal, not one that fits into their agenda. Done against this principle, then the shaping becomes unethical (Bailey and Mary 16). Once one, therefore, is acquitted with these procedures, it becomes easy to deal with inappropriate jokes, bad borrowing behavior at work, complaining, and bad attitudes.

 

 

Work Cited

Bailey, Jon S., and Mary R. Burch. Twenty-five essential skills & strategies for the professional behavior analyst: expert tips for maximizing consulting effectiveness. Taylor & Francis, 2010.

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Analysis of General Electric Using Business Analytical Tools

 

 

 

Analysis of General Electric Using Business Analytical Tools

 

External Environment Factors

Political Factors

Government within the working framework of general electric is championing for the digitization of industries and thus has increased the demand for digital technologies (Kosov et al., 2017). G.E. produces some of these industries digitization technologies and therefore views this as an opportunity to push itself into a leading position. The government in Europe and the west are pushing for the application of renewable energy and thus provided both a threat and opportunity for G.E. It will push out the Oil and Gas segments but offer G.E. a chance to grow on its renewable energy sectors. Most governments have become open to global trade, and this would threaten G.E. because of the entry of other competitors to its field. However, it can also see this as an opportunity and chose to expand its operations to a global scale.

Economic Factors

There are numerous developing economies in the world right now distributed in the Asian, South America, and African regions, and they offer General Electric with the opportunity to increase its revenues within these regions. People’s disposable incomes are at the same time, increasing thus improving their capacity to purchase their appliances and products. The developed markets, however, also offer the threat of increased global trade firms. Within the G.E. operating environments, there will be increased competition.

Socio-Cultural Factors

Increased preference for green lifestyles advances the agenda of the Renewable Energy operating section of G.E as they create more products and sell more to the new customer tastes (Kathrin, 2015). It, however, comes to the disadvantage of the vast oil and gas segment of the company. People today are more interested in mobile technologies and thus motivates G.E. to exploit the opening to build an online or mobile service system where people can access their products and services.

Technological Factors

Digital technology has taken over in the industries, and most of them are frantically trying to replace the old systems with these digitized ones. General Electric, therefore, is provided with the opportunity to sweep and take care of these clients while growing its revenue and market grasp. New technology is also present within the production of renewable energy segment, and this would allow for G.E to expand its production of these units and sell them to the green energy clients and also match up with the government regulations to improve its usage (Kosov et al., 2017). Technology in the production processes is also growing faster, and G.E. will have to ensure that they exploit the opportunity before the competitors outdo its technology uptake.

Environmental Factors

Oil reverses in the world are getting empty and limited, thus limiting the Oil and Gas division, pushing it to look for other opportunities in other products, especially the renewable ones. Recyclable materials are also more available in markets, and the company should align it cooperates responsibility strategy into using these products to improve its public image. The global energy consumption has increased over the years, and the same trend is expected to hold. Therefore, General Electric needs to take charge and produce more energy to fit this new demand.

Legal Factors

Intellectual property laws are getting a widening reach, with the most government passing them within their localities. Effectively, General Electric will benefit from this as more of their in house ideas will be protected from copyrights. It is significant considering that G.E has the most patents compared to any other company in the world. Laws on waste disposal are getting tighter, and G.E has to increase the costs in disposing of their wastes.

Five Forces Analysis

Competitive Rivalry (Strong)

Big Energy companies such as Siemens and 3M have an aggressive competitive strategy and correspond to a strong force against G.E, especially in the field of innovation, marketing, and globalization (Steen & Weaver, 2017). Switching costs from G.E products to other firm’s products are moderate, and therefore people don’t have to undergo many challenges in switching, and this poses a moderate threat to the company. There are also new entrants into the business from the local and global scale, and this offers a moderate competition alert to G.E. Therefore, there is a need for the company’s strategic management to look into these factors to gain a competitive edge within the market.

Bargaining Power of Buyers and Customers

The information age has produced customers with high-quality information on all the company’s products, including their features, applications, and issues. The customers are, therefore, empowered in their purchasing decisions and therefore increases their bargaining power. However, the same customers have a low price sensitivity, especially within the aviation, transportation, and healthcare divisions. Effectively, it reduces the possibility of customers changing to other brands based on the prices. Moderate switching costs can also influence the customers to shift from G.E. products into those of other companies.

Bargaining Power of G.E. Suppliers (Moderate)

In most G.E.s divisions, the number of suppliers is limited, for example, in Aviation and transport, and therefore these suppliers have moderate bargaining power. In segments such as the electric and lighting, their bargaining power is however weakened because of the high overall supply. The sizes of the suppliers also determine their bargaining power. In the case of G.E., many of the suppliers are moderately sized and thus only have a limited bargaining power force.

The threat of Substitution (Weak)

The moderate switching costs contribute abstemiously to the customers changing completely from G.E. products to others. The substitutes are, however, low performing compared to G.E products because G.E. provided expert services and products. Because of this, there is a weak force on substitution. In most of the divisions that General Electric operates, there are fewer substitutes created. Customers have, therefore, little options to choose from, thus giving a weak threat of substitution.

The threat of new entrants

The force on the entry of new players in the field is weak because of the high costs incurred to set up within such a market. For a company to set up and effectively compete against G.E., they require huge investments in financial and capitalization resources (Steen & Weaver, 2017). The G.E. brand will be well developed and faces a weak threat of any other brand progressing up to its position. If a company were to reach out to the company’s brand, they would have to invest huge financial resources, which most companies lack. G.E. also has economies of scale, and other smaller players would suffer when competing with entry into the field.

BCG Matrix Analysis

Figure 1BCG Analysis Tool

Figure 2: General Electric Annual Data

Stars

The stars are the divisions the produce the highest revenue and have the biggest market share. They are the segments that grow quickly and may require financial support from other segments. The G.E. Power and G.E. Aviation are the biggest stars within the company. They both have a large market share of 24% and produce the highest revenue for the company. They are, however, facing a slow growth rate and mostly get funded by the cash cows of the industry.

Cash Cows

The cash cows display the qualities of leading within the market place and generating high profits but with a low growth rate. They provide the cash used to finances required in growing question marks and funding the administrative and research functions of the company.  The cash cows within G.E. is G.E. healthcare. It displays qualities of high revenues but with slow growth rates.

Dogs

These are units with a lower growth rate and low market share and low growth rate and frequently break even without earning or consuming cash. G.E. Energy Connection and Lighting and the G.E. transportation segments are the dog units. They record a decline in growth in terms of revenue and are held in place because they can break even. They, however, do not contribute properly to the company’s income. The Oi and Gas segment is also a declining segment following the shift in the preference for renewable energy. It, therefore, falls under the dog category.

Question Marks

The segments have high growth prospects but have a low share of the market. They consume much of the company capital but bring in little returns. They are invested on to turn into stars or cash cows. One of the question marks in general electric is renewable energy. There are many prospects for its growth within the coming years, but at the moment, it is still growing fast but not producing much revenue.

Possibility for Merger of Acquisition

There is the possibility of acquisition or merger for the G.E. transportation and energy Connection and lighting. These two are viable segments within the market today but have experienced slow growth rates and are declining in their profitability. Effectively a merger with another reputable transportation brand or lighting brand could boost its function and increase its capability to provide more revenue.

Conclusion

General Electric is a big player within the energy field, and it is continuously analyzing its environment to determine the best suit for its performance. Through the analytical tools, the company can identify the opportunities presented and capitalize on using them for their benefit. In case of the threats, they would put into place strategies towards mitigating them. From the BCG matrix analysis, the company can discover the sectors to invest in to provide kore revenue and those that require mergers and acquisitions to revive their standpoint.

 

 

References

Kathrin Metzger. (2015). GRIN – General Electric. Corporate Strategy Analysis. Grin.Com. https://www.grin.com/document/283553

Kosov, M. E., Akhmadeev, R. G., Smirnov, D. A., Solyannikova, S. P., & Rycova, I. N. (2018). Energy industry: Effectiveness from innovations. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 8(4), 83.

Steen, M., & Weaver, T. (2017). Incumbents’ diversification and cross-sectorial energy industry dynamics. Research Policy, 46(6), 1071-1086.

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An Argument to Terminate the FCC

 

An Argument to Terminate the FCC (545 Words)

The FCC has, in the previous times, come under fire because of their actions of suppression economic analysis and the claims of political driving. The corporation was initially intended to regulate the broadcasting, manage spectrum, approve technologies, and oversee telephone monopolies. Lessons learned from the previous regulations of utilities, railroads, and telephone companies made the government make the FCC independent. The reason for independence was to ensure that they would create a regulatory environment that is predictable because it doesn’t depend on driven political ideas (Skorup, 2019). Effectively businesses can make better investment decisions if there is a predictable environment; studies previously show that a politically driven environment suppresses investment. When the FCC, therefore, started giving economics free discussions and getting politically driven, it depressed investment of internet service providers.

We don’t need the FCC anymore, first because the motivations for creating it are gone. FCC was supposed to mainly regulate the telecommunication monopolies and ISPs, which are now rare to find. In the case that they exist, they are very few, and a decision to have an entire agency to regulate such few components would be unreasonable (Jamison, 2016).  The tats can, therefore, be transferred to a proper functioning Federal Trade Commission (FTC), and in case of any further assistance, and seek other state agencies. When these agencies handle the monopolies, consumer protection, and anticompetitive conduct, then the motivation for an FCC is not there anymore.

In the current online market, the content from the web competes well with content from broadcasters, and this is mutually helping in regulating content that is released to the people. There is, therefore, no more need to regulate the information sent by broadcasters unless in the case of an emergency. Emergencies alone also do not warrant creating a whole corporation. During these times, the government can set up other measures that do not involve managing the content providers themselves. It, therefore, refutes the need for FCC.

Life without an FCC is possible. The functions previously performed by FCC could be transferred to state corporations and other agencies. States, for example, could subsidize their access to the network as they would find appropriate. Functions such as ex-post regulation and consumer protection would shift to the FTC and department of health and Human Services to deal with telecommunications and the internet in their low incomes household functions (Skorup, 2019). The only important function that cannot be transferred to the state is the licensing of the radio spectrum because it will lead to heavy corruption and politicizing of the matter, thus dampening investment. In place of FCC, another smaller agency would best serve on this role.

The dissolution of the FCC would come at a cost but will have provided a greater gain. Dissolving such a large agency is a large task for one. There are also some business and interest groups that are gaining profits and subsidies from the FCC functions (Jamison, 2016). However, the motivation to have FCC is no longer there; the agency is no longer independent, most of the monopolies are regulated, and their functions can be shifted to other bigger agencies that would serve them better. Effectively, it would also save the country money from expenditures in a sleeping giant.

 

 

References

Skorup, B. (2019). Who Needs the FCC? Nationalaffairs.Com. https://www.nationalaffairs.com/publications/detail/who-needs-the-fcc

Jamison, M. (2016, October 21). Do we need the FCC? American Enterprise Institute – AEI. https://www.aei.org/technology-and-innovation/telecommunications/need-fcc/

 

 

 

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