Music Influence on Movie Scenes Custom Essay.

Watching a movie or video is more than just a visual experience. In the majority of cases, the needed message is communicated by including another important track – audio. Music changes the way people perceive visual materials in general and particular scenes as a whole. Besides, a soundtrack may help to create the needed mood and change the understanding of the whole story. All in all, it fills in any emotional, as well as psychological gaps, not only those in portraying main heroes but also in apprehending the movie by triggering viewers’ imagination and making them emotionally engaged with the plot and interested in the further development of events.

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To prove that the statements mentioned above are true, recall, for instance, the scene depicting the prison escape in The Dark Knight Rises (2012). The length of the scene is 3 minutes 51 seconds. It is the culmination of the movie, as it sets the foundation for further developments and the conflict resolution between the antagonist and protagonist. This particular scene depicts the attempts of Bruce Wayne – Batman – to escape from the prison where he was thrown into by his enemy – Bane. The motivation for becoming free again is the desire to avenge himself as well as save Gotham from a bomb detonation that would destroy the whole city and kill all of its citizens. Except for the first failed try to get out of the prison, the scene portrays a successful one. The second attempt is accompanied by the prisoners’ support – prayers and exclamations.

Still, regardless of including dialogues and extensive support of prisoners, these details do not trigger necessary emotional uplift and the interest in the further plot development. This significant gap is filled with an appropriate music choice. During the scene, there are two-time frames accompanied by the soundtrack under consideration – 00:17-00:50 and 02:28-03:51 (“The Dark Knight Rises”). This song is revolutionary and contributes to the emotional rise. Keeping in mind the overall revolutionary background of the story, this choice is relevant because it helps to make the plot comprehensive and well-developed and eliminate any existing gaps. Also, the song is written in a way to motivate to action. Its motive is driving so that showing the new attempts to escape from the prison and overcome the enemy would be incomplete and imperfect without this tune.

Speaking in terms of soundtrack types, this song is perceived as parallel music. It can be explained by the fact that it is appropriate in the scene and fits it perfectly. In other words, it is the choice that nearly every viewer is expecting to hear in such a scene. Besides, filmmakers choose a trick referred to as audio dissolve – the combination of silence and soundtrack. The first part of the soundtrack ends in silence that is logical because the first attempt to escape from the prison was a failure. In this way, the mentioned trick helps to create an association between this song and revolution. At the same time, there are minimal elements of transition because this music is used in two subscales of the major escape scene. It means that including no music between two attempts to get out of the prison can be viewed not as audio dissolve but the transition to foster emotional uplift and trigger one’s imagination. Nevertheless, regardless of the controversies between terms, the music choice is still appropriate because it helps create the needed mood and feel the interest in Batman’s future adventures.

Except for creating the needed mood, soundtracks commonly change the perception of time and space in a movie. However, to achieve this objective, it is essential to blend different types of music. In general, there are three kinds of music used in movies – parallel, contrapuntal, and associative – and all of them are used to communicate the desired message to a viewer.

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Parallel music refers to soundtracks that match the scenes. For instance, think of the scene showing Snow’s execution and Coin’s death in The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 2 (2015). The scene opens with Katniss Everdeen entering the arena where Snow is tied and waiting for the death penalty. The coin is giving her speech, introducing the events. The scene is developed in a way to point to the major confrontation between Katniss and Coin that is known from the earlier developments in the movie. Moreover, it shows Snow, who is as well Katniss’ enemy. Also, the sights of the district, numerous people, and the winners of the previous hunger games, including Peeta and Haymitch, hint that the scene will include solving the conflict between the system and people. However, this mood is created by an appropriate soundtrack. The drumbeat changes the perception of the scene adding to the feeling of anticipation combined with disturbance. It heats the viewer and contributes to the emotional uplift. This example is chosen as a parallel because this very moment in the movie is stressful, and music intensifies this feeling. I believe that strengthening the feeling of unease was selected as a trick to describe Katniss’s inner state, even though she remained silent.

“Fight Club” Film Custom Essay.

People’s behaviours are highly influenced by group norms or by people they share circumstances or worldviews (Stallen, Smidts, & Sanfey, 2013). Thus, if an individual is in a certain circumstance, which is somewhat similar to a certain group’s circumstance, they are more likely to adjust their own attitudes and behaviours and adopt the group’s behaviours/attitudes towards the circumstance.

Therefore, group conformity is defined as people yielding to groups’ pressure and changing their attitudes/behaviors to comply with group norms (McLeod, 2016).

The term conformity is used to illustrate “the convergence of individual thoughts, feelings, and behavior towards a group’s norms” (Smith & Mackie, 2007, p. 310). As such, group conformity is a type of social influence that makes individuals change their ways of doing certain things to fit in groups. It is worth noting that influence in a change of behavior does not necessary require the groups’ physical presence. Imagined social norms and expectations can influence a person’s behavior.

Further, group conformity has both negative and positive influences on the individuals’ attitudes and behaviors. At times, group conformity can be productive but sometimes fitting into a group can ruin individuals. Moreover, when individuals’ views and attitudes conflict group norms, individuals are likely to abandon their views and adopt the behaviors of the groups (Yu & Sun, 2013).

This research paper illustrates how environments influence people’s thinking and attitudes towards circumstances. The paper uses the movie “Fight Club” to illustrate how group conformity works. In the movie, group conformity is evident in many characters, since fight groups are formed and joined by a considerable number of characters. It is worth noting that the influence of the groups is not limited to the characters. The Fight Club’s influences are evident in the society since a number of fight clubs were formed in societies where the movie was watched.

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The movie “Fight Club” is a drama film released in 1999 in the US. The movie is based on a novel “Fight Club” authored by Chuck Palahniuk. The main character of the film is an anonymous narrator who is a lonely employee working in an office. He is fed up with his normal life routines and, more so, his white collar job (Palahniuk, 2005). Although he lives in a lavish house furnished with ultra-expensive designer furniture, he struggles to look for the most personalized interior design that will explicitly define his personality.

The narrator is constantly disturbed by his unfulfilling life. As a result, he finds it difficult getting sleep at night. He spends sleepless nights for a couple of months (Palahniuk, 2005). Insomnia’s effects are apparent at his workplace and this worsens his situation. He decides to consult a specialist who considers his situation as not so critical (Palahniuk, 2005). The specialist claims that he had seen people struggling with genuine and more serious issues. He suggests that the narrator should spend some of his time with a group of people who were in real psychological, sociological, and medical problems (Palahniuk, 2005).

Studies have revealed that groups have great influences on individuals’ attitudes and can change people’s views of circumstances (Charpentier, Moutsiana, Garrett, & Sharot, 2014). The care groups influence the narrator’s attitudes towards life and he can afford to sleep after a long time. The sincere agony of the people in the support groups touches the narrator’s emotions and he spends most of his time crying. The narrator uses emotional therapy to vent some of the issues disturbing him and, as a result, he affords to sleep (Palahniuk, 2005).

However, the new state of affairs changes when another imposter starts attending the support groups’ sessions and constantly interacts with the narrator. The narrator suffers insomnia again after the exposure of his lie.

New disturbances prompt the narrator to look for therapeutic alternatives. He engages himself in regular traveling and in one of his trips meets an individual who changes his life. The narrator shortly interacts with Tyler Durden, the new individual, and they exchange phone contacts.

When the narrator gets back home, he finds out that his apartment had been destroyed (Palahniuk, 2005). The reaction of the narrator shows that the contemporary community is influenced by group conformity to derive their identity from what they possess (Todd, 2012). The narrator says that the destruction of his posh house destroyed his identity (Palahniuk, 2005).

The narrator calls Tyler who allows him to move into his house. However, Tyler tells the narrator to fight him as a condition to allow him to stay at his house.

The two men fight and the fight seem to have therapeutic effects. Consequently, fights become regular between the two housemates. What the two did not realize is that other people watched them and became attracted to the fights.

Consequently, organized fight clubs emerge and become popular among people struggling with personal issues (Palahniuk, 2005).Tyler’s group grows rapidly and gains fame in a short time. The fight club then advances into a sophisticated organization that teaches its members anti-capitalist ideologies. The group adopts the name “Project Mayhem” and is involved in many vandalism incidences. The narrator is not pleased with the new direction the group is taking under the leadership of Tyler. Additionally, he is not happy with Tyler’s affair with his girlfriend.

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The Film Industry and Social media Custom Essay.

Social media is a young but rapidly developing field. Its current level of popularity and recognition suggests its importance not only from the purely material perspective but also as a significant phenomenon in contemporary life. Due to its young age and highly dynamic pattern of development, it is not supported by the reliable theoretical framework. The aim of the current paper is to establish a connection between film theory and social media by identifying the intersection points of their principles. The suggested connection is expected to improve understanding from both a theoretical and practical standpoint.

One of the key intersection points that support the implication of a connection between the two media domains deals with the fundamentals of film theory. According to the early theorists, films can be distinguished from similar types of media (e.g. the photography) by the fact that the images are not accompanied by the description of the movement (which would be true for the photography, for example). On the contrary, in film, the movement process, or the continuity, serves as an initial premise of the picture. Therefore, the film must be differentiated from the collection of successive still images and perceived as prioritizing the flow of time. This concept was famously pioneered by Gilles Deleuze and can be considered one of the defining principles of the film as an art form. In the simplest terms, the movement in films creates not only the image but also a time continuity, which differentiates it from many forms of visual art. In the overwhelming majority of instances, films treat time as a linear process and are therefore continuous from the observer’s perspective. In addition to serving as a framework for perceiving the information on the screen, it shapes the expectation of the viewers and serves as an ordering principle for both the artist and the observer.

In the case of social media, this time-based principle is less evident but still relevant. The easiest example is a twitter that organizes the information published by the users chronologically. While the relevance and popularity of the information can be considered decisive for the information intake, it is still necessary to acknowledge the time frame and continuity as a defining principle behind the observer’s perception. The same time-based presentation can be identified in other social network resources, such as Facebook, although additional mechanics may alternate the resulting continuity to a varying degree in each individual case. Interestingly, it can be argued that social media underwent the same transition from stillness towards continuity with the evolution of the technology and the growing popularity of the Web. Specifically, the early online resources were predominantly page-based – in other words, they presented the information in a piecemeal manner and without the emphasis on timeliness. Eventually, with the growing accessibility and popularity of the Internet, this changed towards a more dynamic approach. This process can be paralleled to the transition from the still images created by photography towards the time-conveying moving reality of a film. Admittedly, in the case of film theory, the suggestion made by Deleuze looks more obvious whereas the allegations of time-based nature of the social media seem unintuitive and somewhat vague. Nevertheless, two points should be considered in this regard. First, both types of media are governed by the principle of continuity in the process of presenting the content to the consumers. Second, social media is seriously under-researched in comparison to film and, as a result, does not have a well-established theoretical background. Such a setting significantly complicates the comparison between the two domains from the scholarly perspective, especially considering a much smoother transition towards the time-based format in the social media field.

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The second point of intersection that unites the domains of film and social media is the approach to the involvement of the observers. While the film is traditionally viewed as a one-sided media with the viewer on the receiving end, some theorists suggest that numerous aspects of a movie allow the observers to actively participate in the process, at least on the perceptional level. For example, in most films that deal with mystery, the camera does not follow the actors at all times and will occasionally show the viewers bits of information that is unknown to the characters. This move is especially common in the detective genre, where the mystery is more often than not the key premise of the film. Such a move allows the director to provide the audience with the necessary amount of information to sustain their attention. In a certain sense, this disclosure serves as a dialog of some sort between the creating and the receiving ends of the process. Naturally, once the use of this technique was codified, it was eventually modified for other purposes, including engaging in a game with the viewer. In some cases, this process created a complex logical puzzle different from that which was presented to the investigator on screen. The works of Alfred Hitchcock are among the most familiar examples of such a situation since they often deliberately include the shots which are readily interpreted as clues but are later proven to be misinterpreted or are simply abandoned. Another necessary component of the described dialog with the viewer is the constant shift of characters’ motivation as perceived by the viewer. Also prominent in most of the Hitchcock’s works, it contributes to the attention span of the audience and, by extension, ensures the involvement of the viewers and the immersive qualities of the story.

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The same immersion can be identified as one of the defining points of social media resources. On the surface, the social media websites obviously present a much greater degree of interaction between the system and the end-user as well as among the users in the hierarchy. However, it should be acknowledged that this type of interaction does not generate the same effect – in other words, it does not contribute to the involvement of the users. However, the principle is more evident once the underlying functions of social media are observed. In most instances, the important aspect of the online behavior of social media users is the desired effect that they plan to achieve by the action. Simply put, the main driver of the users’ actions is the desire to invoke a certain reaction from the peers, to be noticed by a specific person or a group, and, by extension, to achieve a certain status. Interestingly, most of the social networks provide a certain amount of freedom in observing the results of such interaction. Most notably, Facebook allows tracing the responses to many actions to their facilitators by providing numerous tools for tracking activities related to the user’s content. Such functionality is present to some degree in the majority of the popular platforms. In a sense, this can be described as an insight into the interconnection of the people’s motivations. Unlike the more generic interactions mentioned above, this aspect of social media is highly involving, especially with regard to the fact that the observed interactions are bound to reality as opposed to the explicitly fictional nature of the film. Admittedly, the identified aspect is not a primary direction of social media evolution, but its role is currently significant enough to be considered potentially growing in importance over the years. Currently, it is possible to describe the situation with social media as at least partially resembling the logical constructions pertinent to certain film genres, which is sufficient to establish a connection between these domains.

The identified intersection points suggest the existence of significant similarities between the fundamental principles of film and social media. While it is early to reach any meaningful conclusions without confirming the allegations by further research, it is already possible to identify several advantages offered by the suggested theory. First, it offers the possibility to enhance our understanding of the principles of development of the social media domain. First, as was noted above, the concept of continuity as a defining feature of social media resources is not apparent and requires a review of the current knowledge about the principles of the media. If we assume that the similarities pointed out above can be interpreted as a sign of a more encompassing unity of principles, it would be easier to establish the direction for subsequent studies on the matter. In addition, such a connection may provide us with an improved understanding of the principles of development in the field. It would be safe to say that social media is currently in its infancy, and the direction it might take in the course of its evolution is hard to foresee. However, if we are able to obtain evidence that it shares at least some of its characteristic features with film theory, it would then be possible to predict certain key aspects of its evolution by deriving the information from the history of the latter.

The Influence Western Films Custom Essay.

MTV is an American television network that is very popular among the teenagers because of the content of most of its programs. They promote popular culture in most of their contents. The decision by the executives of this company to go global was motivated by the need to expand its market share beyond the United States. It was a brilliant move as firms try to go beyond their borders to increase their revenues.

However, there is a concern that its contents may have negative implications on teenagers in the developing countries because of the fundamental differences between the environment presented in the films and what they have in real life situation in these developing nations. The management of MTV may need to customize the contents of its programs in different markets.

The emerging technologies in the field of communication have transformed the world into a small global village. Widespread access to internet and ease with which information can be shared are some of the factors that have made it possible for this transformation to take place.

The world is becoming increasingly integrated. Inasmuch as this comes with numerous benefits in terms of sharing knowledge, Keller says that the influence brought about by the technology-based integration has been skewed against the developing nations (43). This is specifically so because of the film industry. Film industry has a massive impact on the culture that youths and young adults embrace. They learn how to face a number of social issues through the films they watch.

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The rich countries such as the United States have dominated the film industry because they have the resources and relevant technology needed in making the movies. On the other hand, developing countries lack the needed resources. The outcome has been a situation where it is the culture of the West that is spread around the world. Every time these films focus on Africa, then the storyline is often about genocide, terrible famine, child-soldiers, prevalence of HIV/AIDs, and other undesirable events that are not admirable in any way.

The West continues to admire the western culture while the developing nations get to hate their own way of life. This is a tragedy that is affecting many developing nations as the youth try to emulate their counterparts in the wealthy nations in terms of dress-code, social life, and relationships among others. In this paper, the researcher will focus on the influence of western films on the lives of youths in the developing nations.

Scholars have conducted extensive research on the impact of western films on teenagers and young adults around the world. A study by Wild, Han, and Wild showed that the culture of most of the developing nations is getting eroded at unprecedented rates (87). In the past, children and adolescents were taught about the way of life and cultural practices by their parents and grandparents. The adolescents were particularly taught about the values and morals and how to earn a living in a decent way.

However, this traditional way of life is slowly ebbing away in most of the developing nations. Coyle says that parents have moved to the urban centers in search of better opportunities (88). These parents spend most of their time at work and do not have time to educate their children on their traditional ways of life. As such, most of these children turn to films as the most convenient sources of information that they need about life.

According to Beebe and Middleton, in the modern society, teenagers and young adults in the developing economies have completely disregarded the teachings and ways of life of their forefathers (56). Indeed some of the practices were retrogressive such as female genital mutilation that was rampant in some parts of Africa. However, these communities in Africa and parts of Asia had good cultural values that upheld hard work, discipline, communal work, among other practices seen to focus on helping the weak and fighting laziness and immoral practices. These cultural practices have been replaced by the western culture. According to Coyle, many youths believe that the way of life as upheld by their cultural practices is archaic and should be replaced with the western culture that appears to be cool (88).

Keller says that films and movies have completely eroded moral beliefs and practices that were highly valued in most of the societies in the developing economies (43). In these movies, life is presented as stress free. Coyle laments that film producers in the United States have learnt how to present life in their films the way their audience want it to be (88). The youths see how unethical or even criminal acts are rewarding as shown in the films.

One goes and robs a shop and he gets away with it. In fact, such criminals are presented as individuals who have all that they want. This is not the case even in the West. As Arens says, the United States is one of the countries with the best work ethics in the world (23). Some of the richest individuals in this country rarely get time to sleep as they stay awake, struggling to increase their wealth. Coyle says that in the United States- unlike in other countries around the world- hard work pays (88).

People who spend a lot of time trying to solve problems get rewarded with wealth. On the other hand, those who try to find short-cuts in life through stealing, robbing, or breaking into people’s homes get killed or spend most of their lives in prison.

This is the reality in the United States. Unfortunately, the youths in the developing countries lack the opportunity to see this reality. They see America through the lenses of the camera. They know that America is great and as such, they want to emulate everything about it. The only way they have to know about this country they admire so much is through films. It is unfortunate that almost all the films presented to them give the true image of what is taking place in the United States (Coyle 88). They are meant to entertain by making the impossible things in real life possible.

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A study by Hill and Jones, found that most of the criminal activities rampant in most of the slums in the developing economies around the world can be blamed on the films that children and young adults watch (51). At a very tender age, they are introduced to the world of violence. The action movies teach them that dialogue and consensus has no place in the world of heroes. They get to learn that the only way of making people respect you is to use violence (Gillespie and Hennessey 77).

“The Godfather” Film Custom Essay

The 1972 film ‘The Godfather’ is an American movie based on a 1969 novel ‘the Godfather’ written by Mario Puzo. The film was directed by Francis Coppola and produced by Albert Ruddy. It starts Al Pacion and Marlon Brando, the leaders of an influential and powerful Italian crime family based in New York around the 1940s and 1950s (Schumacher 11). The story revolves around the life of Michael Corleone (Pacino) as he transforms from a humble Italian immigrant to a powerful and ruthless mafia boss (Barsam and Monahan 31). It also revolves around his Corleone family, especially their patriarch leader, Vito Corleone (Brando), and Sonny, the eldest and hotheaded son. This paper will analyze the film from Sonny’s perspectives on social life, business, and crime as he attempts to fit into the American society of the 1950s.

Sonny, whose real names are Santino Corleone, is the eldest son of Don Corleone, a ruthless New York City Mafia and his wife, Carmela Corleone. He has three siblings, Fredo, Michael and Connie, and an adopted brother, Tom Hagen.

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In this film, Sonny is portrayed as the most ruthless and violent member of the mafia family, whose main roles revolve around his father’s illegal business dealings. For instance, at a tender age of 16, Sonny is involved in a robbery within the city but does not reveal it to his family. The father only learns of the crime from Clemenza, an older Italian immigrant, who is depicted as Sonny’s role model and godfather. The father’s interrogation to find out why the young boy acts in such a manner at a tender age reveals some issues. The viewer can learn that the young boy is on the process of adapting to a criminal’s life and is prepared to lead this life.

For instance, Sonny proudly tells his father that he acted in such a way because he once saw Vito kill Don Fanucci. He then proceeds to tell his father that he is mature enough and ready to take over the family business, which he knows quite well that it is a dangerous and risky form of business (Dauth 17). Also, he tells his father than he is ready to sell “olive oil”, which tells the viewer that the young boy already knows the coded language that his father and other parties to the criminal business use. The father immediately learns that Sonny has grown up and is willing to engage himself in the illegal business, prompting him to send the boy to Clemenza for further training.

From his perspective, we realize that the illegal business is not only involving, but also needs adequate training to ensure that a person keeps secret and is experienced in sorting out drugs (Phillips 56). Also, we realize that the business has mentors who give lessons to the new entrants like Sonny. Moreover, we realize that there are specific titles in the business, which are given to persons who excel in illegal dealings. For instance, Sonny rises through the ranks at the age of 19 after he “makes his bone”, moving from a trainee to a “capo” in his father’s business (Barsam and Monahan 29). In fact, by the time World War II ends, the boy has risen to become the father’s trustee and underboss. In addition, Sonny is the apparent heir.

By analyzing his early experiences, we realize that his perspectives on life and money are based on his father’s role. For instance, by saying that he involved himself in a robbery because his father was also a criminal tells the viewer that the boy sees life from his family’s values and practices. The boy wants to copy his father or test his capabilities in crime.

Secondly, the reader is able to realize some things regarding crime and family life from Sonny’s point of view. For instance, the reader realizes that criminals, especially the drug Mafia in New York during and after the world war, were very protective of their families, despite being ruthless killers. Sonny is a good example of such a person. While he is ready to kill his rivals in business and the streets, he is very protective of his family members. He has a very close relationship with his younger brother Michael and sister Connie. The film attempts to describe how Sonny loves his sister, Connie, to the extent of killing Connies’ husband on allegations that he is mistreating her. This indicates the hard life that drug criminals and their families lead.

They are always protective of their families, but very crude when it comes to dealing with other people, especially business rivals. Using Sonny’s point of view on life, the viewer can determine social hardships and crime in a better way. One sympathizes with people like Sonny and Vitro because life makes them hard, but very soft when dealing with their families. Because they are hard on their rivals and business associates, they are aware that their families are under the risk of elimination by both their rivals and the authorities. Therefore, Sonny has a negative perception of most people outside his family. This perception explains why he kills Connie’s husband rather than sorting out the matter in a better way.

It is also clear that the criminals often cheat on their wives, despite protecting and giving them a worthy life. It is evident that these mafia leaders, despite being hardened criminals who can pull the trigger at any moment, are soft on women and children. For instance, Sonny often cheats on his wife, Sandra, with many women, including Connie’s bridesmaid Lucy Mancini. However, the viewer sympathizes with Sonny because being soft on women and having the extra amounts of cash seems to expose the mafia leaders to many women.

The reader also sees the impact of criminal life and greed for money on family members from Sonny’s point of view. Sonny is portrayed as a money-hungry individual who acts before thinking, especially if a deal seems to be good for him. For example, when Virgil Sollozo is backed by the dreaded Tattaglia Family to lure Vito into a narcotic deal, Sonny fails to notice the danger involved in the plan. His father realizes that this is just a trick meant to eliminate his family and give the Tattaglias some superiority in the drug trade. However, Sonny is willing to accept the offer due to his senseless way of doing things. When the father forces him to reject the deal, Sollozo realizes that the only way to force him to accept the offer is to assassinate Vito. This further shows how gang members are strongly attached to their families and can do anything to provide them with protection.

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Film by Clint Eastwood Essay “High Plains Drifter” Custom Essay

The film opens with a stranger coming into a small town. Throughout the opening scenes, he is viewed as a dangerous “other”, a potential threat, as the people are unaware of his intentions. However, as it turns out, the people are not scared of him; they are more scared of the outlaws operating in the town. The stranger kills three of them, thus becoming the town’s savior and immediately changing people’s impression of him.

Although he does not act as a benevolent character – for instance, immediately after killing the gang members he drags a woman into a barn to rape her – the people continue to look up to him throughout the first part of the film. As more gang members are about to be let out of prison, the town needs a protector, and the stranger has skills that would make him an excellent choice for one. In exchange for his help, the sheriff offers him a “free hand” in the town and can get anything he wants (High Plains Drifter).

The stranger quickly takes control of the town, acting in ways that people find disrespectful and unwise. However, the town tolerates him due to his promise of handling the outlaws who are about to return. The tension rises as the men of the town plot to kill the stranger to take the control back; however, he survives, killing them and the three outlaws towards the end of the film. In the final scene, it turns out that the stranger is the ghost of the town marshal Jim Duncan, who was killed by the three outlaws while the people of the town watched. After getting his revenge, his soul can now “rest in peace,” as his tombstone says (High Plains Drifter).

There are three key topics explored in the film. First, the film is centered on violence and revenge. In essence, the murder of the marshal has laid the foundation for the story, bringing the stranger to the town. As the story began with violence, the only way to end it is with a fight, which is why the stranger comes to the town seeking revenge. Another major topic is the struggle for power. In their search for a savior, the people of the town were desperate to obtain help, which is why they lure the stranger into accepting their offer by offering him all he wants and fulfilling all of his requests.

However, as the stranger establishes himself as the most powerful figure in town, they begin struggling for power, plotting to kill him to return their positions in the hierarchy. Finally, one of the central topics of the film is spirituality. Throughout the film, characters see flashbacks of the marshal’s murder that was committed by the three outlaws who are about to return. The first person to see the flashback is the main character, which suggests that he is connected to the marshal.

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As he leaves the town after killing the three outlaws, he passes by Mordecai setting up a tombstone on the marshal’s grave. In return for Mordecai’s statement “I never did know your name,” the stranger replies “yes, you do” and leaves as the camera zooms in on the name of the marshal, carved into the tombstone (High Plains Drifter). Although it is not explicitly stated in the film, it is clear that the stranger was the marshal’s ghost seeking retribution that would enable him to rest in peace.

“Slumdog Millionaire” Film Custom Essay.

Slumdog Millionaire is a story of Jamal Malik, a boy from the slum quarters of Mumbai, who became a winner of a popular TV show – Who Wants to be a Millionaire? Because of his success in answering all questions and winning 20 million rupees, police officers suspect him of cheating. The movie is a throwback to life experience, which helped him to obtain the necessary knowledge so that he could answer all questions by himself.

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The story reveals connections with other major characters – Jamal’s brother Salim and the love of his life Latika. The movie depicts hardships of life in India, poverty, poor education, and involvement in criminal activities. At the same time, it points to the significance of simple human values such as love, friendship, and family ties (Slumdog millionaire 2008).

Moreover, Slumdog Millionaire is a valuable guide to Indian culture and values. For instance, opening scenes portray women in traditional clothing – sari. However, later Latika wears jeans and t-shirts, which points to the westernization of Indian culture. Moreover, it is shown that India is a country of contrasts both financial and religious, as the poor and wealthy coexist within one community as well as there are common instances of religious conflicts between Hindu and Muslims.

It is depicted in the assassination of Jamal’s mother during the religious conflict and Salim and Jamal running into a rich man, as they try to escape from policemen. Also, hierarchy is shown, as Salim states that he is the head of the family once their mother gets killed.

Furthermore, the role of religion in everyday life is as well highlighted. For example, it is portrayed when Salim prays and confesses to God in becoming a criminal and when Rama appears to Jamal when they try to escape from Muslim extremists. Finally, the movie ends with traditional dancing, which has become a symbol of Bollywood production and is directly associated with Indian culture (Samovar, Porter, McDaniel, & Roy, 2017; Slumgod millionaire 2008).

That said, the directors portrayed the most remarkable elements of Indian culture. However, some critical determinants such as the caste system and gender differentiation are still missing. A viewer can assume that major characters are from the lowest caste because they live in slums, but it is not directly stated. At the same time, Jamal is free to choose the direction for living his life and finds the way to pursue his love.

However, in real life, it is almost impossible to achieve because of the caste system and arranged marriages. Furthermore, Latika escaped from her husband without significant effort, which as well seems unreal. Nevertheless, it was clearly shown that access to education is unequal for boys and girls, as there were more boys than girls in a classroom at the beginning of the movie (Samovar et al., 2017; Slumdog millionaire 2008).

As I watched Slumdog Millionaire, I realized that it did not affect my perception of Indian culture, as no hidden stories or aspects of culture were revealed. Moreover, some elements of Indian culture were overdramatized such as living in poverty, as it does not characterize the whole country. However, it is still helpful for enhancing interpersonal communication skills. For instance, it is beneficial for understanding that eye contact is synonymous with challenging a conversation partner (recall the scene when Jamal did listen to the TV host’s hint and gave him a long stare).

Finally, it portrays how culture influences communication style and behaviors. “I am the elder, and I am the boss” (Slumdog millionaire 2008) is the phrase that had a robust impact on relations between Salim and Jamal, as Jamal believed that he had ultimate power and could make all vital decisions pointing to the existing hierarchy. As a younger brother, Jamal had to choose either to obey Salim or live his own life. To sum up, even though Slumdog Millionaire is not the best and most accurate introduction to Indian culture and values, it is still a valuable guide to understanding some of its key aspects.

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“The Good, the Bad and the Ugly” Movie Custom Essay

Many action movies rely on fast-paced action to keep the audience interested. Today, loud sounds of gunshots and car chases are not unusual for adventure films. However, some movies take a different approach and build up the tension with silent scenes and a slow introduction. This is true for the classic movie The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, directed by Leone in 1966. This so-called Spaghetti Western follows the journey of three men blinded by greed. Each man is introduced with an adjective – Blondie, the good, Angel Eyes, the bad, and Tuco, the ugly. As the three characters travel across the state separated by the Civil War in the hopes of finding a fortune of gold, the audience can see the differences like these cruel men. This paper aims to explore the central themes of the movie The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly.

Some critics consider this movie to be a representation of a classic Western. However, the extreme violence of the main characters can be seen as an attempt by the director to create a film that criticizes the original themes of Western movies. Most Westerns focus on the struggle of a heroic protagonist who does not kill unless it is necessary. In The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly, the characters can be viewed as antiheroes as they pursue their goals aggressively and violently. One of the protagonists, Angel Eyes, is a ruthless mercenary that kills his clients after receiving his payment. His scenes are incredibly violent and show his emotionless nature. The second, Tuco, is a bandit, whose thirst for gold can be explained by his occupation. In contrast, Blondie, a bounty hunter, is portrayed as a confident and calm man that does not shy away from violence to reach his goals. Moreover, all three characters lie and deceive without hesitation. Their complex morals are uncommon for these types of movies.

The tension of the movie is also created by the contrast between long, silent scenes and action sequences. For instance, the first minutes of the movie is entirely devoid of any dialogue. Wide shots, coupled with close-ups of characters’ faces, show that actions define these men better than words. This is especially true for Blondie; the close-up of his face in the scenes with most tension often portrays him as an unflinching person who has a plan for everything. Thus, the need for dialogue lessens, and the main character’s interactions are limited to a small number of phrases, while other characters fill the silence. This choice of method can be seen as a way to establish the dominating masculinity of the protagonists as opposed to the other men in the picture. The film implies that these men do not need words and they would rather act to prove their point (Leone). This portrayal also outlines a lack of compromise that the characters are willing to reach with each other. The need for dominance is apparent as they continuously attempt to outwit the other men.

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The anti-war sentiments of this film are followed by a negative presentation of people’s greed and love for money. The movie takes place during the Civil War, and the protagonists use this setting to their advantage. The scenes that depict victims, as well as Blondie’s compassion towards fallen soldiers, are not incidental. He is the “good” of this movie. Thus, his actions and words can be deemed as positive.

Western Movies in Violence Genre Custom Essay.

The Western movie genre, the main characteristics of which are guns, horses, and cactuses, presents violence that also relates to women and minorities and affects their portrayal in various films. In many senses, females and minorities are victims of gangsters and are treated as objects having no chance to protect themselves. Even though some films are rather brutal and bloody, their consideration helps to understand the life of those times as well as how violence influenced the depiction of the identified populations.

Considering the general brutal atmosphere of the Western movie genre, females and minorities were depicted specifically. Namely, the typical female image may be identified as follows: a saloon girl who handles guns quite well and is quite aggressive sexually. It seems that to protect themselves many women had to act in such a way. At the same time, the mentioned description helps male characters in designing their actions and making decisions by using the marginal roles of women. For example, Helen Ramirez in High Noon is a vivid representative of such women who had to exist at the fringes of society as victims of violence. Another example that is quite essential to point out refers to Dallas in Stagecoach characterized as a blond prostitute. Here it is possible to note an inversion the director of the film creates to convey his message to the public. In particular, since Dallas moves to the other city to start a better life and helps the woman to give birth to her baby, the viewers empathize with her. Thus, the film shows that despite being a prostitute and rather harsh conditions, a female may change her life in the West.

The violence regarding women and minorities was primarily used to promote the fake ideals of manhood and subdue the mentioned populations. In the film McLintock!, there is the theme of domestic violence when the husband punishes his wife corporally in response to her request for divorce. A similar approach of men towards women can be observed in Good, the Bad, and the Ugly and High Plains Drifter. In particular, there are knight fights and sexual innuendo towards women. Furthermore, male neglect towards females may be traced in Paint Your Wagon where Pardner shares a woman with his friend just to have some fun. Thus, it is possible to understand that women and minorities were perceived by males as something belonging to the lower class that is clearly reflected in the mentioned films. Perhaps, the most violent film in the given field is The Wild Bunch where violence is in every sequence as a symbol of survival. Here the gangsters shoot and treat women and minorities as objects, thus following their own way of life.

As for the minorities in the Western genre films, one considers Native Americans and African Americans as such, yet other minorities are also presented. For example, in Colorado Territory, Wes McQueen, the main character, meets the accomplices of the future robbery of the train, among which is Colorado Carson, a runaway part-Indian girl, who sees in him the man of her dreams. However, the two lovers cannot be together as they die by gunfire in an attempt to move to Mexico and start a new life. This shows that minorities had no officially recognized rights thus suffering from discrimination and violence. The situation with the Native Americans was also quite lamentable. Since the Western films were focused on the new undiscovered lands where criminals tended to gather and act without being captured, Native Americans were suppressed and discriminated having no chance to protect themselves. More to the point, reservations with the explicit intention to complete the physical destruction of the Native Americans to destroy their national and moral unity were usually established on lands that were not suitable for agricultural production.

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To sum it up, the Western movie genre is marked by violence and blood in presenting gangsters, women, and minorities. The films mentioned earlier in this paper seem to affect the modern America by serving as a reminder of discrimination consequences and challenges. While the majority of critics and viewers admire cowboys and lucky gangsters, the state of women and minorities remains unnoticed. Westerners more often describe a society organized on the basis of a code of honor than on the legislation, whose members do not have any social environment other than their closest friends and relatives. At this point, some people may behave similarly ignoring the legislation and attempting to become heroes, while neglecting women and minorities. In this case, it seems that the directors of the Western movie genre, especially Clint Eastwood, wanted to emphasize that discrimination leads to even more violence and chaos. Therefore, the impact of such films may be summarized as cleansing, recovering, and warning of the potential danger to wallow in blood and neglect. This perspective focuses on the other side of the Western movie genre, thus helping to create a complete picture and comprehend the ideas expressed by films with regard to women and minorities.

The Walking Dead Film Custom Essay.

In an apocalyptic world of lawlessness, debauchery, and destruction, it becomes difficult to understand how human beings would react or maintain their sanity. Kirkman evokes such thoughts in his fictional work, The Walking Dead (1). He makes us wonder who has the guts to take up a leadership position in such a world and how he is going to manage group dynamics. This introspective focus on human behavior could lead many readers to question many things about people’s actions. For example, in his work, The Walking Dead, Kirkman leaves his readers to wonder whether people are innately self-serving, callous, or hostile (2).

In a post-apocalyptic community that Kirkman created in The Walking Dead, the readers get to have an insight into human behavior by exploring how people unravel, or how they react in the face of death and danger (1). Furthermore, the readers get to question which kind of people survive and what attributes enable them to do so. Like other comic book writers who have written about an apocalyptic society, Kirkman does not present a story where “anything goes;” instead, he provides us with an opportunity to understand how human beings would behave in the wake of death (1). His story demonstrates that some people can maintain their psychosocial stability, while others appear to lose it altogether.

This paper analyzes the theme of sanity as a recurring one in the comic series, The Walking Dead. Sanity refers to people’s inability to think logically and act as such (Langley 2). Sections of this paper will demonstrate how different characters in the book lose their sanity because of several reasons. Mental health is a relatable theme in the comic book because many people have experienced incidences where they feel like they are “losing their minds.” Langley says such mental instability cases occur when reality and insanity start to appear the same (1-3). Psychological disorders could happen to anyone. In fact, Langley says they could happen to “model human beings” (2-4).

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When people’s minds start to become unhinged, it is always noticeable. Evidence of the same could manifest in different behaviors such as through peculiar dressing, a change in behavior, a change in the company people keep, and differences in the things people say (among others). This paper argues that the theme of sanity manifests throughout most of the comic book, The Walking Dead. It appears in extreme acts of violence, death, suicide, and hallucinations. The sections outlined below support this viewpoint.

One of the main hallmarks of insanity is self-talk (Fandom). When this happens, it is an indication that people have lost hope in getting help from others. Instead, they listen to “voices in their heads.” Logically, even when these voices are of other people (dead people), they appear as though they are real for most victims of mental health issues. When people start experiencing such thoughts, they mistakenly believe they can rely on them. They do so because they could believe that they are “going crazy” and want to save themselves. Some characters in The Walking Dead manifested such thoughts. For example, some of them were talking to dead people and loved ones who had passed on. For example, Michonne often spoke to her dead boyfriend as a way of maintaining her sanity (Fandom). Andrea coped with her mental troubles in the same way because she frequently conversed with Dale even after his death (Fandom).

When Rick loses his wife, his mental status also dissipates. He starts to hallucinate in different instances where he talks to his dead wife. In many of those cases, he had long conversations with her. In his mind, such discussions seemed real, but logically, that could not be the case. However, he derived inspiration from such hallucinations, which “kept him going” because, in his mind, there was some sense of normalcy or stability involved with talking to people who had passed on. It is as if his dead wife was still alive and filling a void that was a core part of Rick’s mental health. During the same period, Rick isolated himself from the other members of his group in a way that was characteristically reminiscent of other characters who were experiencing mental problems. This action could mean that he needed to process what he was going through by himself. He did not want to be disturbed because he knew that he could lose his sanity. However, for many readers, this period of instability is worrisome because other members of his group depended on his leadership and guidance for survival.

These actions show that most of them were battling mental health issues because they had developed a distorted version of reality and were looking for someone with whom they could talk to numb their thoughts. For example, they often “spoke” with dead people when hallucinating. By doing so, they understood that they could not confide their thoughts in their fellow human beings because they were all having the same problem or experiencing it differently. Therefore, they found comfort in their thoughts. Additionally, in the process, they assumed that they were having conversations with dead people who were their confidants.

The zombie apocalypse in The Walking Dead had a significant impact on how the victims coped with traumatic events. Parallels between the characters of the comic book could be drawn with victims of floods, described by Dai in an article titled, “Association between Social Support and Recovery from Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder after Flood: A 13–14 Year Follow-Up Study in Hunan, China” (1). Similar to victims of the flood, those of The Walking Dead developed symptoms of the disorder, which could lead to mental health deterioration if left unchecked. Dai describes such symptoms by saying victims of the disease experience hallucinations, flashbacks, and nightmares (1). The same signs explain the behaviors of some of the characters in The Walking Dead. For example, Morgan and Rick exhibited some of these symptoms. Those affected by flood manifested the same signs as well (1).